THE VIRTUAL MUSEUM OF KHMER ART
GLOSSARY

 

 

     
 
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  Sadashiva: In Tantra-Hinduism the Supreme Beeing, the eternal Shiva whose five aspects (the five elements) are manifested in one form. An inscription from Phnom Sandak entitles him "Sadesha", the Eternal Lord.  
  Samabhanga: Iconographic pose (equal distribution of the body limbs on a central line).  
  Samadhi (Sanskrit, समाध) [the fixing]): A state of conciousness finishing the discursive thinking by complete meditation. In Hinduism and in Buddhism there are different levels of Samadhi.  
  Samadhi Buddha: The enlightend Budda.  
  Samsara (Sanskrit, m., संसार [to wander]): In Hinduism and Buddhismus the eternal circle of life and death. The circle of reinacarnation or rebirth.  
  Sampot (Khmer: sampot can phin): A lower-body, wrap around cloth The sampot dates back to the Funan era when a Cambodian king ordered the people of his kingdom to wear the sampot.  
  Sarong: In strict usage, [Malay, sheath] denotes the lower garment worn by the Malay people.  
  Shakti (Sanskrit, शक्ति) [sacred force, power, energy]): The Hindu concept or personification of the divine feminine aspect, sometimes referred to as 'The Divine Mother'. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. However, in other Hindu traditions, Shakti embodies the active energy and power of male deities.  
  Shakyamuni Buddha: Title of Buddha (Sanskrit, m., बुद्ध )The Sage of the Shakya Clan  
  Shiva (Sanskrit, िशव) [the Auspicious one]): One of the principal deities of Hinduism. Within Shaivism he is viewed as the Supreme deity, whereas in other branches of Hinduism he is worshipped as one of the six manifestations of the Divine. Another way of thinking about the divinities in Hinduism identifies Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva as each representing one of the three primary aspects of the divine in Hinduism, known collectively as the Trimurti.  
  Siddhi (Sanskrit, Pl., सिद्धिः)[accomplishment, attainment, or success]): The term is used for spiritual power in Hinduism and Tantric Buddhism.  
  Surya (Sanskrit, सूर्य) [the Supreme Light]): In Hinduism the chief solar deity. In Hindu religious literature, Surya is notably mentioned as the visible form of God that one can see every day. Furthermore, Shaivites and Vaishnavas often regard Surya as an aspect of Shiva and Vishnu, respectively. The Vedas mention Surya as the personifcation of the sun.  

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