THE VIRTUAL MUSEUM OF KHMER ART
GLOSSARY

 

 

     
 
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  Pancaratra [five nights; five types of knowledge]: Devotional texts. The first sectarian movement within Hinduism whose followers worshiped Narayana, a form of Lord Vishnu. A forerunner of the modern form of Vaisnavism, the worship of Vishu.  
  Parvati (Sanskrit, पार्वती) [daughter of the mountains]: A Hindu godess, the consort of Shiva and the mother of Ganesha. She is the daughter of Himavat, the God of the Himalaya. Just as Shiva Parvati has the double aspect of destruction and rejuvenation. Primarily she personifies the lifegiving mother. Parvati is never shown angrily. Representing the aspect of destruction she is called Kali or Durga. Parvati is consistently depicted with bare breasts.  
  Phnom Da: About 15 miles from Angkor Borei Phnom Da ist one of the oldest Khmer sites dating back to the 6th century. Today the hill of Phnom Da is crowned by an impressive 11th century Angkorian-era brick and sandstone prasat [tower].  
  Phnom Da style (514-600?): The Phnom Da site gave the name to the art style which more or less unspecified covers the first autochthone Khmer art period.  
  Preah Khan [holy sword]: A famous temple at Angkor, built in 1191 for King Jayavarman VII. It is located northeast of Angkor Thom.  
  Pre Rup: The Shivaist temple mountain is located near Siem Reap and it is one of the most important Angkorian temples of the 10th century. It was built for the king Rajendravarman II ( 944–986) and dedicated 961 or 962.  
     
     
     

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