THE VIRTUAL MUSEUM OF KHMER ART
GLOSSARY

 

 

     
 
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  Jatamukata [Crown of matted hair]: The matted and braided chignon of hair worn by Shiva as an ascetic.  
  Jayavarman VII (1125-1215): The buddhist God-King of the Khmer Empire (c.1181-1215). In 1186 He built Ta Prohm [ancestor Brahma] in honor of his mother and in 1191 Preah Khan [sacred sword] in honour of his father. Finally, he constructed his own "temple-mountain" at Bayon and developed the city of Angkor Thom around it.  
  Dhyāna (Sanskrit, ध्यान) Jhāna (Pali): Eight altered states of consciousness which can arise during periods of strong concentration. It refers to a stage of meditation, which is a subset of samadhi.  
     
     
     
     

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