THE VIRTUAL MUSEUM OF KHMER ART
GLOSSARY

 

 

     
 
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  Angkor Wat [Angkor Vat] [The royal city that is a temple]: Current name for the pyramidal temple of Vishnu built in the 12.th century by the King Suryavarman II.  
  Angkor Wat style: The Cambodian art style of the first half of the 12th century.  
  Angkor Borei [The royal city that is a holy city]: Presumed to be the capital of the kingdom of Funan (Vyadhapura). The centre of the style of Phnom Da.  
  Angkor Thom [The royal city that is large]: Name of the walled city that was built at the end of the 12th century at Angkor by Jayavarman VII.  
  Amavarati: Town situated in the district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Important art centre since the 5th century. B.D.  
  Amitābha (Sanskrit, m.: अमिताभ, [Buddha of Infinite Light]) : Name of the transcendental Buddha who is the principal Buddha in the Mahayana school if Buddhism which is mainly practiced in East Asia. The Khmer and the Indian iconography always show the Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara (Lokesvara) together with the Buddha Amitabha.  
 
Anjachakra (Sanskrit, चक्र): Shiva's third eye, the eye of intuition.
 
  Apsara, Pl. Apsarasah (Sanskrit, अप्सरस): Dancing supernatural beeings, inhabitants of Indra's heaven of Gods in Buddhist and Hindu mythology.  
  Asana (Sanskrit, आसन): A term used in combination to designate the different positions of the body in Indian iconography.  
  Asura (Sanskrit, असुर): A demon, enemy of the Gods.  
  Atman (Sanskrit, n., आत्मन्, Pali: atta, [self, soul, ego]: In Indian Philosopy the term for the individual, indistructable self.  
  Avatara (Sanskrit, m., अवतार, [descent]: In Hinduism God or an aspect of the God who takes the form of a man or an animal.  
 
Avalokiteshvara (Sanskrit, m., अवलोकितेश्वर, [ishvara=ruler, avalok=observe: the lord who looks down (at the world)]): In Mahayana Buddhishm the Bodhisattva of universal compassion (Sanskrit: karuna). The Khmer know Avalokitesvara as Lokesvara (Lord of the world)
 

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